American Curl Longhair - ACL
This is a preliminary standard.
Final version is to be approved by the Standard Commission, and will soon be published.
The distinctive feature of the American Curl is their attractive, uniquely curled-back ears. The original American Curl, a longhaired female named Shulamith, was found in Southern California in 1981. Selective breeding began in 1983. Curls are elegant, well balanced, moderately muscled, slender rather than massive in build. They are alert, active, with gentle, even dispositions
Modified wedge without flat planes, approximately 1-1/2 times longer than wide. Top of the head is flat.
Muzzle and chin
Rounded with gentle transition, no whisker break. Chin is firm, in line with nose and upper lip.
Straight nose with gentle rise from bridge of nose to forehead which then flows into arched neck without a break.
Walnut in shape; oval on top and rounded on bottom. Moderately large in proportion to head. Set on a slight angle between the base of the ear and the tip of the nose, one eye-width apart. Colour clear and brilliant.
Any arc of curl between 90 and 180 degrees is correct, none is preferred, provided that the ears look harmonious on the head. Firm cartilage from ear base to at least one-third of height of ear.
The body is elongated and slender.
Size and boning
Medium size, "semi-foreign" type, neither fine-boned nor heavy-boned. Moderate strength and muscle tone.
Rectangular, length to be approximately 1-1/2 times the height at the shoulders.
Legs and paws
Length medium in proportion to body; set straight when viewed from front or rear. Medium boning, neither fine nor heavy.
The tail is long, broad at the base and tapers to a slightly rounded tip.
Semi-long with tail coat full and plumed.
Fine, silky, laying flat. Minimal undercoat.
All colours and patterns are permitted. Any amount of white is permitted.
See General part.
Special breed faults
Extremely curled ears in adults, causing the ear tips to touch the back of the ears or the skull.
Straight or severely mismatched ears.
Balance/proper proportion is more important than overall size.
Outcross with other breeds
Domestic longhair/shorthair, not a member of a recognized breed.